A car accident is one of the most dangerous things the average person will come in contact with during their life
.The methods of avoiding an accident, and the position one should be in during a crash, however, are effectively universal.
Wear your seat belt. Wearing your seatbelt is one of the most important things you can do to survive a car crash. Make sure that your lap belt sits low on your hip bones and that the shoulder belt goes across the center of your chest. Children should be seated in proper child restraints until they are large enough to properly wear a lap and shoulder belt.
You won’t have to worry about head support unless you are driving a really old car from the 1980s or under. Older cars, which may just have lap belts and almost never have any additional safety features, are generally less safe than large vehicles. SUVs tend to be more prone to rollover accidents than cars. Try to drive the safest car that suits your needs and budget.
If an object could become a projectile during a crash, either remove it from the car, or stow it in the trunk, or, in the case of a minivan, in the well behind the seat.
Airbags and seat-belts significantly reduce injury and death in automobile accidents.
If there is a high-speed crash, the car’s airbags inflate. They have saved lives, but they inflate with such force that if you are leaning against the dashboard when they inflate you will be thrown backward and injured.
Make sure your car’s engine, brakes, transmissions, suspension, and tires are in good condition. The safest accident is the one you don’t get in; having your car in top running condition can help you avoid an accident or minimize harm in case you get in an accident.
Features such as autonomous braking, backup cameras or blind spot assist are only to supplement safe driving. These features can easily be disabled or malfunction, not responding in the event of an imminent crash or responding when there is no imminent crash. Reliance on these safety features can result in serious injuries.
Obey traffic laws and be conscious of current conditions. Adjust your driving if in heavy traffic or inclement weather. Sixty mph may be safe when it’s dry, but if a sudden rain falls, wetting the roadway and raising oil off the ground, it will probably be safer to drive at a lower speed.
Focus on what you are doing. While driving, avoid using cell phones, reading maps, eating and other distracting activities. If you are a passenger, sit up straight with your seat-belt fastened. Don’t lean your seat too far back, don’t put your feet up on the dashboard, and definitely do not distract the driver. Do not place objects on top of the airbag enclosure.
Observe the road looking for things that could end up causing an accident.
Look ahead for cars or pedestrians that may move into your car’s path.
Keeping a safe distance behind other vehicles (following the “two-second rule” ) can help you have enough time to react when a vehicle in front of you makes an unexpected move.
Stay calm. If an accident appears imminent, you need to respond quickly but smoothly. Vehicles of all types respond better to smooth steering and braking inputs.
Brake with control. Braking practices vary depending upon whether your vehicle has anti-lock brakes.
No anti-lock brakes – If your car lacks anti-lock brakes, you need to pump the brakes to keep the car under control. If you slam on the brakes, your car will start to skid and you will lose control.
Accelerate if needed. Although it seems counter-intuitive, sometimes the best way to avoid an accident is to speed up and get out of the way.
Take steps to recover if you start to skid or lose control. If your car starts to skid or if a tire blows, follow these steps to control the car.
Don’t hit the brakes. This will only make things worse.
Keep a firm grip on the wheel.
Steer in the direction of the skid. If the back of your car is sliding to the driver’s left, turn the wheels to the left.
Wait for your tires to regain traction before braking or pressing the accelerator.
Take appropriate measures after an accident. After a crash, switch off your engine, do not smoke, and stop anyone else from smoking. This especially important if one of the vehicles involved in the crash was carrying dangerous goods (e.g. flammable goods such as paraffin or aerosols, or explosive goods), as in such crashes it is important to prevent explosions or fires, as much as you are not in a film and in reality cars can only really explode or catch fire after crashes if the crash involved a vehicle carrying dangerous.
Watch the video how to avoid the crash when you are driving or inside the car here: